Submerged shipwrecks are the most typical type of synthetic reef. Oil and gasoline platforms, bridges, lighthouses, and different offshore buildings usually operate as synthetic reefs. Marine useful resource managers additionally create synthetic reefs in underwater areas that require a construction to reinforce the habitat for reef organisms, together with tender and stony corals and the fishes and invertebrates that reside amongst them.
Supplies used to assemble synthetic reefs have included rocks, cinder blocks, and even wooden and outdated tires. These days, a number of firms specialize within the design, manufacture, and deployment of long-lasting synthetic reefs which might be sometimes constructed of limestone, metal, and concrete.
The Florida Keys Nationwide Marine Sanctuary incorporates a number of decommissioned vessels that had been sunk in particular areas for diving or fishing alternatives previous to the world’s designation as a nationwide marine sanctuary. One of the crucial well-known is the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Duane, which served on the seas for half a century earlier than its ultimate task as an underwater haven for sea life.
Deliberate artifical reefs might present native financial advantages as a result of they appeal to fish to a recognized location and are subsequently fashionable points of interest for business and leisure fishermen, divers, and snorkelers. Nonetheless, the rise in unlawful dumping for the function of making habitat has led to vital poaching within the Florida Keys and subsequent high-profile arrests by NOAA’s Workplace of Regulation Enforcement. Marine particles continues to be an ongoing downside in these delicate environmental areas, and NOAA’s Marine Particles Program has helped present funding to take away particles within the Florida Keys.